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Commodity Loans and Loan Deficiency Payments

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Administered by:

US Federal Government Agency (see all agencies)
Department of Agriculture , Farm Service Agency
CFDA #: 10.051

Possible uses and use restrictions...

Loans and loan deficiency payments (LDP's) give farmers a means of promoting more orderly marketing. Loans to producers may be "nonrecourse" which means that producers have the option of forfeiting the collateral to CCC at loan maturity in full satisfaction of the loan obligation; or "recourse" for low quality grain, or un-ginned seed cotton, which means that producers must repay the loans by maturity." If market prices are above the support level producers may repay their loans at the original loan principal plus interest and market their commodities. When market prices are low, most nonrecourse commodity loan repayments are less than the original loan principal plus interest. Eligible commodities for loans are feed grains, wheat, rice, peanuts, tobacco, upland cotton, extra-long staple cotton, sugar, soybeans, crambe, canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower, and sunflower seed. LDP's are offered for feed grains, wheat, upland cotton, rice, soybeans, crambe, canola, flaxseed, mustard seed, rapeseed, safflower, and sunflower seed. If the loan repayment rates for these commodities are less than the established loan levels, producers may, for most commodities that are eligible for a nonrecourse loan, agree to forego such loan and elect to receive an LDP. The LDP payment rate equals the amount by which the loan rate exceeds the loan repayment rate in effect at the time the LDP application is approved, or the delivery date for commodities delivered directly to processor, buyer, or warehouse from the field. LDP's and any gain realized from repaying a loan at a level lower than the original loan level are subject to a $75,000 per "person" payment limitation, except for crops produced in 1999, for which the payment limitation is $150,000 per "person".